Mathilde Ludovika, Duchess in Bavaria (30 September 1843 – 18 June 1925) was the fourth daughter of Maximilian, Duke in Bavaria and Princess Ludovika of Bavaria. On 5 June 1861, Mathilde married Lodovico, Count of Trani. He was Heir Presumptive to his older half-brother Francis II of the Two Sicilies. Francis was married to her older sister Marie Sophie. The bride was seventeen years old and the groom was twenty-two. They had a single daughter: Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (15 January 1867 - 1 May 1909). She married Prince Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.